Pacem, Peagrim, Precamur.
Title:Pacem, Peagrim, Precamur (from Punch)
Date:November 28th 1861
This satirical Punch poem refers to an incident early in the American Civil War (November 9th 1861) when the Confederate steamer, the CSS Nashville, boarded and burned the American merchant ship the Harvey Birch, not far off Southampton in the UK. The fact that the first significant naval action occurred off British waters brought the global nature of the conflict into focus, and the irony of the fact that this action was taken not far from where the Pilgrim Fathers set sail from in the seventeenth century is clearly not lost on the writer. The captain of the Confederate vessel was called ‘Pegram’, hence the repeated pun, and title referring to a Latin phrase meaning ‘praise the peacemaker’. – SR